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Senses of a baby inside the womb

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Does your baby move inside while you are gently touching your stomach or playing a song that you’ve been listening during pregnancy? What do you think, is that a coincidence or its senses of a baby are functional to react to different stimuli while still in the womb?

Many studies about prenatal development research whether and how many senses of a baby are functional in the womb. Different measurements and techniques were used for that purpose. Exploring perception in the fetus is most often performed as in humans. The fetus exudes a variety of stimuli and then explores record changes in the behaviour. Why is this information important? We get not only a more detailed picture of a baby inside the womb but also how we should influence it.

If you want to know how fetus feels stimuli from the environment then this article is right for you. Also, many recommendations are mentioned here on how to make a great environment for the development of a baby inside the womb.

The sense of balance and hearing 

senses of a baby in the womb

The baby’s middle ear for regulating the balance begins to function about 4 months from conception. It is completely mature after birth. This means that the fetus is able to feel changes in the mother’s position floating in the fluid of the womb.

The womb is a very noisy place. The sound in the womb is similar to the car or hair dryer noise. For that reason, calming a crying baby is the easiest with those sounds that remind it of its previous address. The sound in the womb comes from the air that penetrates the mother’s stomach and the intense and constant heartbeat of the mother. Due to the intense sound in the mother’s womb, we shouldn’t be surprised that hearing is the most developed sense of a baby in the womb.

In fact, the middle ear of the fetus is filled with gelatinous liquid matter, which, together with amniotic fluid, blocks the sound coming from the outside. Because of that, many believe that the reaction of a fetus on sound actually represents a reaction to vibrations. Whether a fetus reacts directly to sounds or vibrations, the fetus reacts and that is the most important fact! So, all pregnant moms should listen to pleasant music and speak with a baby a lot. The skin on your stomach separates you from touching the baby, but senses make your connection.

The sense of taste

The senses of a baby are ready to function from birth, but also during pregnancy. One of the most developed senses of a baby inside the womb is the sense of taste. A fetus feels tastes while swallowing the amniotic fluid. In addition to the evidence that the fetus feels a variety of tastes, many find that tendency for sweet tastes is most expressive in this period. Therefore, it’s not only important for pregnant women to eat healthy food only for the physical development of a baby inside the womb, but also for making healthy nutritious habits in a baby from the beginning. Babies whose mothers had healthy nutrition while being pregnant didn’t refuse healthy meals later, studies revealed. So, if you want to prevent stress because your baby refuses a carrot juice, you should drink it at the right time, while pregnancy. 

The sense of smell

Nose cavities in a baby develop between 11th and 15th weeks of pregnancy. Many studies have discovered that the sense of smell is anatomically and functionally completely developed in a fetus. A fetus doesn’t react on weaker intense smells. But, it reacts to high-intensity smells, such as the smell of carnation, ammonia, acetic acid, …

Many of the substances that a mother consumes are going through her placenta, giving a smell of amniotic fluid. Feeling those smells, a fetus has accords with the mother’s smell. So, a baby recognizes a mother immediately after birth by her smell. Mother’s smell makes baby feeling safeness.

The sense of touch

At the very beginning of a detailed period, about from the 10th or 11th week of prenatal development, a fetus also responds to the irritation tactic. The sense of the touch is generally well developed, but it’s most sensitive in the area around the mouth, on the face and on the head. Of course, that is of enormous significance for future newborns, who make first contacts with the external environment accepting the mother’s breast.

senses of a baby inside the womb


Premature babies born at 7 months of pregnancy show changes in brain waves exposing it to light. This means that the fetus is able to distinguish the light from the darkness in the womb. Some studies show pupils in the eyes of fetuses are dilating and contracting while a light is on and off in the room where the pregnant woman is. For sure, the fetus can see the light that penetrates through the mother’s abdominal wall, but only at the end of the pregnancy. However, the sense of vision is the weakest of all senses of a baby inside the womb. The anatomical development of this organ continues after delivery.

How to stimulate senses of a baby inside the womb?

Children learn through contact with the environment. The senses produce that contact. Because the senses of a baby develop even in the mother’s womb, the advice is to encourage their normal development as early as possible. For this, parents are the most responsible.

Pregnant mothers should listen to pleasant music, breathe fresh smells, be active and eat healthy food. Father should gently cuddle the tummy of his woman. This doesn’t only give pleasure to the woman, but also to the baby inside of her. Both fathers and mothers should talk to their baby, give it tenderness and love even while the baby is inside the womb. These are the best ways to develop senses of an unborn baby that prepares it to discover the world outside of warm mother’s womb.





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